There are two reasons why the Europeans have remained committed to the nuclear agreement for so long. It serves its immediate security interests by taking the threat of military intervention, whether from Israel or the United States, to cancel Iran`s nuclear program. And for its role in the negotiations on the Iran deal, the EU has gained international recognition in the area of security policy – an area the UNION had shortly before. It is time for the Europeans to put their weight behind the agreement and immerse themselves in regional affairs with a comprehensive proposal for a dialogue on security in the Middle East. In televised speeches on 23 July 2015, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani rejected the Iranian extremists` internal criticism of the JCPOA, “as criticized by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and its allies,” who “criticized the agreement as an invasive affront to the country`s sovereignty and a capitulation to foreign opponents, especially the United States.”  In his statements, described by the New York Times as “blunt” and not typically open, Rouhani claimed a popular mandate to strike a deal based on his election in 2013 and warned that the alternative was an “economic stone age” caused by sanctions that (as the Times described) “reduced oil exports and prevented the country from accessing the global banking system.”  On 26 July, a top secret two-page directive to the editors of Iranian newspapers at Iran`s Supreme National Security Council appeared online.  The document instructs newspapers to avoid criticizing the agreement and not to give the impression of a “fracture” at the highest levels of government.  The BBC reported that the document was apparently intended to limit Iranian extremists` criticism of the JCPOA.  Immediately after the vote, Mr. Power told the Security Council that the facilitation of sanctions would not begin until Iran met “its commitments.” The government also called on Iran to “immediately release all Americans unjustly imprisoned,” including Amir Hekmati, Saeed Abedini and Jason Rezaian, imprisoned by Iran and Robert A. Levinson, who disappeared in the country.   Hekmati, Abedini and Rezaian were subsequently released in a prisoner exchange in January 2016, which, according to US Secretary of State Kerry, had been accelerated by the nuclear agreement.  An open letter in which the agreement signed by 36 retired military and admirals, entitled “The Iran Deal Benefits U.S.