Wto Agreements In Uruguay Round

The WTO will be governed by a Ministerial Conference that will meet at least every two years, including, where appropriate, a meeting of the General Council. The Ministerial Conference is composed of representatives of all WTO Members and can deal with decisions on all matters under one of the multilateral trade agreements. Many Uruguay Round agreements set timetables for future work. Part of this integrated program began almost immediately. In some areas, it included new or subsequent negotiations. In other areas, it included assessments or reviews of the situation at certain times. Some negotiations were concluded quickly, particularly in the areas of basic telecommunications and financial services. (Member State governments also quickly agreed on an agreement for freer trade in computer products, an issue that does not fall under the integrated agenda.) Two years later, in December 1988, ministers met again in Montreal, Canada, to assess progress in the mid-term rounds. The aim was to clarify the agenda for the remaining two years, but the talks ended in an impasse that was only resolved when officials met more discreetly in Geneva the following April. The Office of the Director-General produced a series of updated documents in Geneva in July 1986 to pave the way for progress. [4] As described below, the Round was launched in September 1986 in Punta del Este, Uruguay, followed by negotiations in Geneva, Brussels, Washington, D.C and Tokyo.

The agreement contains obligations with regard to recognition requirements (e.B. Training) for the purpose of obtaining authorisations, licences or certifications in the services sector. It promotes the recognition requirements that are achieved through harmonisation and internationally agreed criteria. Other provisions stipulate that parties must ensure that monopolies and exclusive service providers do not abuse their positions. Restrictive business practices should be consulted between the parties with a view to their elimination. The Annex on Telecommunications refers to measures concerning access to and use of public telecommunications services and networks. In particular, it requires that such access be granted to another party on reasonable and non-discriminatory terms in order to enable the provision of a service included in its schedule. The conditions attached to the use of public networks should not be more than necessary to preserve the public service responsibilities of their operators, to protect the technical integrity of the network and to ensure that foreign service providers do not provide services, unless a specific obligation so permits.

The annex also encourages technical cooperation to help developing countries strengthen their own national telecommunications sectors. The Annex on air services excludes from the scope of the Agreement traffic rights (mainly bilateral air services agreements conferring landing rights) and directly related activities that could have an impact on the negotiation of traffic rights. .